A STATEMENT REGARDING FIQH OF DU'AA
Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Abbaad
He who reviews the Qur'an will find that the Book of Allah – the Mighty and the Majestic – is replete with many verses and a number of texts indicating the virtue of du'aa and the loftiness of its status. When you read the Qur'an, you will find that the first Surah with which the Book of Allah – the Mighty and Majestic – begins with (Surah Al-Fatihah) contains this tremendous act of Du'aa as does the final surah in the Qur'an (An-Nas).
So the book of Allah the Mighty and the Majestic, begins with du'aa and ends with it. The du'aa which is within Al-Fatihah is the greatest of supplications hands-down. It contains asking Allah, the Blesses and High, for guidance to the straight path and that the servant avoids the paths of those who are astray and those upon whom is the anger of Allah. The last of the Book of Allah, the Mighty and the Majestic, contains the du'aa of seeking refuge with Him from the evil of the one who whispers and withdraws; the Shaitaan from the Jinn and the Mankind, who does this in order to make them deviate from the straight path of Allah and the Upright Way.
Allah informs us that the Shaitaan says: “Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and their left, and You will not find most of them to be Thankful ones.” (i.e. they will not be dutiful to you).
So there is no firmness upon the straight path of Allah, nor safety from the accursed Shaytaan – who calls Mankind to deviation – except by way of du'aa and seeking refuge with Allah, the Majestic and High, and a good manner of taking refuge with Him. This beginning and ending contain an indication of the importance of du'aa from different perspectives, and the need of Mankind for Du'aa to be firm upon the straight path of Allah. When you reflect upon the other verses of the Qur'an, you find the great status of du'aa and the lofty station of it within the Qur'an.